Confidence-Building Measures in the Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean

  • Hans Günter Brauch


The Balkans or South-Eastern Europe have been known for centuries as the powder-keg of Europe. For the purpose of this chapter we include the territories of Bulgaria, Romania, Albania, Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey as well as Cyprus and parts of the south-western and southern military districts of the Soviet Union (Carpathia, Odessa, Kiev, North Caucasus and Transcaucasus).1 Hungary may be included either in an arms control regime for Central Europe or for South-Eastern Europe. According to Stephen Larrabee:

The Balkans… have historically been one of the most volatile areas in world politics. In contrast to the Nordic area, geographic proximity has not led to historic affinity. Whereas a homogeneity of peoples, languages and cultures has produced a common heritage on the Scandinavian peninsula that has inspired and facilitated close regional co-operation, in the Balkans such elements have been sorely lacking. Here ethnic, linguistic, religious and cultural diversities have impeded efforts at regional co-operation and have bred deep-seated hatreds that have smouldered beneath the surface, periodically erupting to threaten security in the area.2


Balkan Country Balkan Region Naval Force Military Confrontation Military Manoeuvre 
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© International School on Disarmament and Research on Conflicts Eighth Course 1983

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  • Hans Günter Brauch

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