Diseases of ash (Fraxinus spp.), birch (Betula spp.) and alder (Alnus spp.)

  • D. H. Phillips
  • D. A. Burdekin


The common ash, Fraxinus excelsior, is widespread throughout Britain, especially on calcareous sites. The manna ash, F. ornus, from Southern Europe and Western Asia, is often planted in parks and gardens, in which a few other introduced ash species may also sometimes be found.


Leaf Rust Leaf Spot Decay Fungus Ornamental Tree Bacterial Canker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D.H. Phillips and D.A. Burdekin 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. H. Phillips
    • 1
  • D. A. Burdekin
    • 1
  1. 1.The Forestry Commission of Great BritainUK

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