Bilateralism and Multilateralism in the Balkans

  • Aurel Braun


The agenda of the five Balkan states which met on 26 January 1976 in Athens, Greece included discussions of cooperation in agriculture, energy, transport, tourism, telecommunication, environment and public health. It was a meeting of all the Balkan states, with the exception of Albania which nevertheless gave its tacit approval to the meeting. It followed the Helsinki Accords and at least the Greek Prime Minister Karamanlis, who was the most enthusiastic proponent of the meeting, felt that this represented the first effort to ‘materialize’ those accords by advocating greater cooperation and security among the Balkan nations [1]. Nevertheless, the meeting was greeted with a great deal of scepticism by outside observers because of the many unresolved difficulties extant in the Balkan area. Moreover, there had been previous attempts at multilateral cooperation and bilateral cooperation where initial success quickly dissipated. Consequently there had been a failure to create a feeling of community in the region and a belief among the élites and the masses that the security of these states was so intertwined that the use of force, or even the contemplation of the use of force, would be unthinkable or at least impractical.


Result Indicator Gross National Product Total Trade Bilateral Relation North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
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Copyright information

© Aurel Braun 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurel Braun
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TorontoCanada

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