State-dependent responses during locomotion

  • S. Rossignol
  • C. Julien
  • L. Gauthier
  • J. P. Lund


Reflex responses to cutaneous stimulation vary with the phase of locomotion. In high decerebrate cats walking on a treadmill, strong cutaneous stimulation to one hindlimb induces a crossed extension during the contralateral stance and a crossed flexion during the contralateral swing. During ‘fictive’ locomotion in acute spinal cats pretreated with Nialamide and DOPA, essentially the same reversal of crossed reflexes can be observed. However, some responses appear to be ‘wrong’ for the phase of locomotion and in some animals the crossed responses cannot be reversed at all. This was not seen in true locomotion. It is suggested that during actual walking, reflex patterns are largely selected by a central generator for locomotion and that the selection is reinforced by peripheral inputs originating from the moving limbs.


Superficial Peroneal Nerve Cutaneous Stimulation Cuff Electrode Fictive Locomotion Extensor Motoneuron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The contributors 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Rossignol
    • 1
  • C. Julien
    • 1
  • L. Gauthier
    • 1
  • J. P. Lund
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche en Sciences NeurologiquesUniversity of MontrealCanada

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