State Trading and Trade Liberalization

  • Frieder Roessler


The past three decades have been marked by an unprecedented liberalization of trade among the western industrialized countries. The liberalization efforts have primarily focussed on discriminatory or protective rules which governments apply to regulate the trade of private enterprises. Some attention, however, has also been paid to discriminatory or protective measures implemented through state-trading enterprises. The purpose of this paper is to examine and evaluate the approaches to the liberalization of the trade conducted by such enterprises under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the Convention establishing the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the Treaty establishing the European Economic Communities (EEC).


Member State Trade Liberalization Competition Policy State Trading European Economic Community 
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Notes and References

  1. 13.
    Cf. GATT, Consolidated Schedules of Tariff Concessions (Geneva: GATT, 1952 ), Volume 5, p. 231.Google Scholar
  2. 19.
    See Klaus-Dieter Huth, Die Sonderstellung der öffentlichen Hand in den Europäischen Gemeinschaften ( Hamburg: Carl Gerber Verlag, 1965 ), p. 288.Google Scholar
  3. 20.
    Cf. Arved Deringer, ‘Die staatlichen Handelsmonopole nach Ablauf der Ubergangszeit’, Europarecht (July-September 1971), p. 199.Google Scholar
  4. 21.
    See Hans Würdinger, ‘Probleme der Auslegung des Artikel 37 EWG-Vertrag betreffend die Handelsmonopole’, Wirtschaft und Wettberwerb (April 1965), p. 275. On the two schools of thought see alsoGoogle Scholar
  5. G. van Hecke, ‘Government Enterprises and National Monopolies under the EEC Treaty’, Common Market Law Review (March 1966), pp. 459–60.Google Scholar
  6. 28.
    Hans von der Groeben, Hans von Boeckh and Jochen Thiesing, Kommentar zum EWG-Vertrag ( Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1974 ), p. 11–33.Google Scholar
  7. 44.
    GATT, Consolidated Schedules of Tariff Concessions Volume 2 (Geneva: 1952), p. 200.Google Scholar
  8. 46.
    Marc J. Roberts ‘An Evolutionary and Institutional View of the Behavior of Public and Private Companies’, The American Economic Review (May 1975), p. 424. On the importance of distinguishing between ownership and custody see alsoGoogle Scholar
  9. John M. Montias, The Structure of Economic Systems (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1976), pp. 127 ff.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© M. M. Kostecki 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frieder Roessler

There are no affiliations available

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