Deception and Surprise: Problems of Analysts and Analysis

  • William E. Colby


Pearl Harbour is the quintessential example of successful deception and surprise. While Japanese diplomats carried on negotiations for peace, a Japanese fleet secretly went to sea and carried out one of the most successful surprise attacks in history.


Crystal Ball Intelligence Analysis Intelligence Function Security Intelligence United States Policy 
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  1. 1.
    Kent, Sherman, Strategic Intelligence for American World Policy (Princeton U.P., 1949)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr and Uri Ra’anan 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • William E. Colby

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