The Energy Situation and Cooperation Within Cmea
In the present paper, we are concerned only with the European CMEA (i.e. excluding Cuba, Mongolia, and Vietnam), and the term CMEA as used here means the European CMEA unless otherwise stated. The term “minor CMEA countries” as used here means the European CMEA other than the USSR. Yugoslavia, a country with permanent observer status in CMEA, is not included unless expressly stated.
KeywordsForeign Trade Hard Coal World Market Price Branch Line Energy Cooperation
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- (1).it is estimated that the price charged for Soviet oil to Comecon on average is still 12 % below the average OPEC price level.“ Financial Times 7 February 1979, page 2.Google Scholar
- (2).The installed capacity of the MIR grid was slightly less than 90 GW at end-1978, and was raised to slightly less than 130 GW early in 1979. However, there are some other Soviet grids not formally incorporated in MIR but physically hooked up to, and running in synchronism with it. Thanks to these hookups and those with Yugoslavia and with part-networks of some Western European countries, the MIR grid, as perceived from the central dispatcher’s console, is in effect significantly more extensive as far as emergency backup power is concerned. For comparison, the Canadian-US “combined total transfer capacity” is upward of 6 GW; the net imports of the US from Canada stood at 17 billion KWH in 1977; and the first 765 kV line across the border has recently been commissioned, to connect the Hydro-Quebec system to New York. (Perlgut: Electricity across the Border: The US-Canadian experience. Canadian-American Committee, December 1978.)Google Scholar
- (3).The first 750 kV line is to be built out into a full-scale 750 kV grid covering most of European CMEA (for the details of which cf. Bogomolov in this volume), within the scope of a general agreement on cooperation in long-term electric power development up to 1990, signed in 1977 by the CMEA seven plus Yugoslavia. In addition, two 4000 MW nuclear power generating stations are to be built in the USSR in cooperation with some of the minor CMEA countries, which are to receive half the power generated.Google Scholar