British Views of the Japanese Emperor

  • Kiyoko Takeda


During the Second World War how did Great Britain, itself a monarchy, view the Japanese emperor? Did a debate akin to what took place in the United States over the future of the emperor and the emperor system also trouble British authorities? Before addressing these questions, let me touch briefly on an interesting episode which shows the differences in outlook on Japan and the Pacific War held by Prime Minister Churchill and the former ambassador to Japan, Sir Robert Leslie Craigie.


British Government Pearl Harbor Imperial Institution Constitutional Monarchy Communist Movement 
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  1. 1.
    Sir Robert Craigie, ‘Final Report by Sir R. Craigie on Conclusion of his Mission to Japan’ (Blackboys, Sussex, 4 February 1943): [Secret] Documents Relating to the Outbreak of War with Japan pp. 27–8.Google Scholar
  2. 13.
    R. Craigie, ‘The Japanese State; Functions of the Emperor: Militant Dangers’, The Times, 3 January 1946.Google Scholar
  3. 15.
    James Callaghan, ‘Japan and the Emperor’, The Times, 11 January 1946.Google Scholar
  4. 16.
    R. Craigie, ‘Japan and the Emperor; A Barrier Against Militarism’, The Times, 15 January 1946.Google Scholar
  5. 18.
    G. F. Hudson’s note to Mr Ashley Clark (13 January 1944 )Google Scholar
  6. 19.
    G. F. Hudson’s note written on the Report, ‘Future of Japan’ from Mr Wright (Washington) to Far Eastern Department, G.B., 21 March 1944 (Last Paper F. 1931 ), Public Record Office, British Crown Copyright.Google Scholar
  7. 21.
    Sir George Sansom, The Western World and Japan (1950)Google Scholar
  8. 22.
    Stanley K. Hornbeck, The United States and the Far East: Certain Fundamentals of Policy(1942)Google Scholar

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© Kiyoko Takeda 1988

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  • Kiyoko Takeda

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