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Class Struggle and the Agrarian Reform Process

  • A. Eugene Havens
  • Susana Lastarria-Cornhiel
  • Gerardo Otero
Part of the Latin American Studies Series book series (LASS)

Abstract

Most analyses of agrarian reform, whether reformist or revolutionary in intent, pay insufficient attention to the role of class struggles in agricultural transformation, and to the reproduction of such struggles within the state. In our view, the capitalist state may be conceived in the first instance as a set of social relations in which power is condensed to assure the reproduction of the relations of class domination and subordination associated with the prevailing mode of production. At the same time, the state is caught up in the contradictory process of capitalist development, which is expressed in class struggle and which imposes a particular form on the reproduction of the social relations of production. This process of modification has two aspects. On the one hand, as emphasised by Poulantzas (1973), the form of the state corresponds in a given social formation to the composition of the power bloc — that is to a particular contradictory unity of politically dominant classes or fractions of classes — and in particular to the nature of the hegemonic class-fraction within the power bloc. (If there is no hegemonic fraction at a particular historical moment, we identify this as a crisis of hegemony.

Keywords

Land Reform Capitalist Development Class Struggle Military Regime Agrarian Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Eugene Havens
  • Susana Lastarria-Cornhiel
  • Gerardo Otero

There are no affiliations available

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