The Impact of Imported Western Technology

  • Philip Hanson
Part of the Studies in Soviet History and Society book series (SSHS)

Abstract

The economic benefits to the USSR of the flows of imported Western technology consist of the contribution this imported technology makes to Soviet output. (Certain negative, ‘resource-demanding’ effects have been postulated by some observers; these will be considered in Chapter 12.) Any attempt to measure this contribution must be concerned with net impact, both direct and indirect, and with effects observed over a specified period of time.

Keywords

Europe OECD 

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Notes

  1. 3.
    S. Gomulka, ‘Import of Technology and Growth: Poland 1971–1980’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, March 1978.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Gomulka and J.D. Sylwestrowicz, ‘Import-Led Growth: Theory and Measurement’, in F.L. Altman, O. Kyn and A.J. Wagener (eds), On the measurement of Factor Productivities (Göttingen: Vandenhoek and Ruprecht, 1976), pp. 539–78;Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.W. Green and H. S. Levine, ‘Macroeconometric Evidence of the Value of Machinery Imports to the Soviet Union’ in J.R. Thomas and U. Kruse-Vaucienne (eds), Soviet Science and Technology (Washington DC: George Washington University, 1977), pp. 394–425.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Green and M. Jarsulic, ‘Imported Machinery and Soviet Industrial Production 1960–1973’, SOVMOD Working Paper no. 39, 1975;Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    Green and C.I. Higgins, SOVMOD I: An Econometric Model of the Soviet Union (New York: Crane Russak, 1977).Google Scholar
  6. 3.
    M.L. Weitzman, ‘Technology Transfer to the USSR: an Econometric Analysis’, Journal of Comparative Economics, June 1979.Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    Green, ‘Technology Transfer to the USSR: a Reply’, Journal of Comparative Economics, 1979. These studies are reviewed in greater depth than is attempted here in Gomulka and A. Nove, ‘Econometric Evaluation of Technology Transfer’, mimeo, 1979. I am indebted to the Gomulka—Nove paper for several of the points made here.Google Scholar
  8. 6.
    P. Desai, ‘Estimates of Technical Change and Elasticity of Substitution in Soviet Industrial Branches using Alternative Data: 1950–1975’, mimeo, (1978), p. 4.Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    A.S. Becker, ‘The Price Level of Soviet Machinery in the 1960s’, Soviet Studies, XXVI, 3 (July 1974), pp. 363–79. It is possible that this concealed inflation affects structures as well as machinery in the investment total.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 12.
    W.G. Allinson, ‘High Voltage Electric Power Transmission’ in R. Amann, J.M. Cooper and R.W. Davies (eds), The Technological Level of Soviet Industry (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977), pp. 199–227, at p. 206.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Philip Hanson 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Hanson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BirminghamUK

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