Distribution of Urban Services

  • Aaron Wildavsky


Are policy analysts “hired guns”? Do they sell themselves to the highest bidder, and recommend whatever their clients desire? By the very nature of the craft, this task actually is not easy to do. Analysts, when asked to help solve a problem, are likely to reformulate it: this problem cannot be solved within our limitations, but here is one like it that we can do something about. By altering the means, the ends are altered, whether that is acknowledged or not.


Policy Analysis Equal Opportunity Market Equity Professional Standard Equal Result 
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  1. See Frank Levy, Arnold Meltsner, and Aaron Wildavsky, Urban Outcomes (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974).Google Scholar
  2. See Arnold J. Meltsner, The Politics of City Revenue (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1971), pp. 86–131, andGoogle Scholar
  3. Anthony Downs, Inside Bureaucracy (Boston: Little, Brown, 1967), pp. 216–217.Google Scholar
  4. See, for example, Nathan Glazer, “A Breakdown of Civil Rights Enforcement,” The Public Interest (Spring 1971), pp. 106–115.Google Scholar
  5. See ‘Rousseau’s Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men and John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971).Google Scholar

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© Aaron Wildavsky 1979

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  • Aaron Wildavsky

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