Against the Current

  • K. Dopfer


Let us first delineate the basic theoretical relationships. Figure 15.1 embraces all variables relevant for developing a set of hypotheses about the development process. A distinction between the agricultural and industrial sectors is not made in this general context, but will be introduced later on in the discussion. The economic-resource flows constitute the core of the model delineated. The variables of the explicitly stated economic system S e are related to the systems S t , S c , and S n . The behavioural aspects are excluded at this stage of the analysis; they will be introduced in Chapter 17.


Income Distribution Industrial Sector Population Growth Rate Agricultural Sector Average Income 
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  1. 2.
    For a quantitative account of the dual structure in Japan see, for instance, Takao Fukuchi and Noriyoshi Oguchi, ‘The Trend of the Dual Structure and the Backwash Effect in Japan’, Economic Studies Quarterly, vol. 23, no. 2, Aug. 1972, pp. 60–9.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    For a reform policy which is replete with lofty but unfulfilled promises see J. Eliseo Rocamora, ‘Rural Development Strategies: the Philippine Case’, in Approaches To Rural Development In Asia; the South-East Asian Experience, vol. 2, Proceedings of a seminar organised by the Asian Centre for Development Administration, Kuala Lumpur, 1975, pp. 175–322.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    N. K. S. Sarkar, Industrial Structure of Greater Bangkok (Bangkok: United Nations Asian Institute for Economic Development and Planning, 1974).Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    B. S. Minhas, ‘Rural Poverty, Land Redistribution and Economic Strategy’, Indian Economic Review, vol. 5, April 1970, pp. 97–128.Google Scholar

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© K. Dopfer 1979

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