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Social Choice in a Finite World

  • K. Dopfer

Abstract

The principal hypothesis about the behaviour of the total-system has been propounded in the notion of ‘relative macro-determinacy’. The preceding analysis lends the general statement of ‘macro-determinacy’ a dual concrete-historical meaning. First, all variables (population, total economic activities, etc.) related to finite M aa -variables (land area, non-renewable resources, environmental carrying capacity) constitute ratios which follow a logistic developmental pattern in the long run. Second, the ratios which are constituted by the M aa -variables of the ecosystem and the population system are higher in contemporary Asia than the ratios at similar development levels in 19th-century Europe and North America. The term ‘relative’ assigned to the notion of ‘macro-determinacy’ underscores that the behaviour of the total-system is not absolute in the sense that it would be entirely determined by a unique empirical shape of the logistic curve. The systems which compose the M a -level are causally interrelated with the systems of the M aa -level. The M aa -systems have the capacity to learn, to act purposefully, adjust, respond. This quality, however, is subject to constraints imposed by the M aa -variables—the constituents of macro-determinacy.

Keywords

Family Size Social Choice Population Growth Rate Social Utility Exhaustible Resource 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    For a discussion of the problems of discounting future utilities under exhaustible-resource conditions see contributions in H. C. Bos, H. Linne-mann, P. de Wolff (eds), Economic Structure and Development: Essays in Honour of Jan Tinbergen (Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Co., 1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© K. Dopfer 1979

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  • K. Dopfer

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