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GNP and the Effort/Reward Relationship

  • Jaroslav Krejčí

Abstract

As is well known, Marx’s suggestion of abolishing the private ownership of the means of production was not conceived as an aim in itself, but as a means of abolishing what he described as ‘exploitation’ and ‘alienation’. Briefly and in plain language, exploitation means the appropriation of the fruits of other people’s labour. In Marx’s understanding, it results from any kind of private ownership where working people are either slaves, or serfs (bondsmen), or are hired. Alienation is the label for the psychic aspects of any exploitative social system. Depending on whether more stress is being laid on the aims or on the means, two types of socialism can be distinguished. On the one hand, achievement socialism, where the stress is on realisation of final aims, that is abolition of exploitation and alienation. On the other hand, institutional socialism, where the leadership tend to satisfy themselves with the means, that is with the socialisation of the means of production, claiming that this institutional change already creates conditions for a qualitative change in labour relationship, thus implying the abolition of exploitation.

Keywords

Real Wage National Income Foreign Currency Average Wage Cost Surplus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    Machonin P. et al., eskoslovenská společnost (Bratislava, 1969).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Marx and Engels, Selected Works, I (New York: Lawrence & Wishart, 1975) p. 625.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Mlynář, Z., Nightfrost in Prague (New York: Karz Publishers, 1980) p. 128.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    Charvat, F. et al., Sociální struktura CSSR a její vívoj y 60. letech (Prague: Academia, 1972) pp. 84–5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jaroslav Krejčí 1982

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  • Jaroslav Krejčí

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