‘Upon the Hill and Grove at Bill-borow’ To the Lord Fairfax
For this poem Marvell chose to resume the stanza form that, we think, he had already used in ‘The unfortunate Lover’ and ‘The Gallery’. Here his ten stanzas divide into four on ‘the Hill’ and six on ‘the Grove’. Lord Fairfax only comes in with the grove, but the whole poem was devised as an offering to him and artistically its unity is complete. It is a manly and confident offering. Marvell was only eight years younger than Fairfax and had enough mettle to serve without fawning. Fairfax too was a Cambridge man who loved books and wrote poetry himself. His good opinion of ‘Marvell the tutor’ and ‘Marvell the poet’ were equally worth having.
KeywordsSacred Grove Humber Estuary Earth Deform Sober Statement Latin Verse
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