Innovation and Competitiveness in Portable Power Tools

  • W. B. Walker
  • J. P. Gardiner


Portable power tools make up one of the smallest sectors of the machine-building industry; worldwide, the sector employs fewer than 50,000 people. Nevertheless, it illustrates a number of features of wider significance: the process of mechanisation; the long-term economic significance of continuous, small-step improvements in technology based on a sustained commitment to design and development; a long-standing British backwardness in developing and adopting innovations.


Technical Innovation Japanese Export British Firm British Market Motor Vehicle Industry 
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  2. OECD, Trade by Commodities, Series C, Paris: OECD (1963–1976).Google Scholar
  3. W. Walker and J. Gardiner, The Portable Power Tool Industry: a Study of International Industrial Development (mimeo, Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, 1978).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Policy Research Unit 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. B. Walker
  • J. P. Gardiner

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