Problems of the Inner City

  • Graham Hallett


In many cities of Western Europe and the Eastern USA, the central districts (outside the often renovated central business district) were built during the period of rapid city growth before 1914. These districts, once young and vigorous, have in recent years begun to exhibit the debility of old age. Housing has often deteriorated and, even if physically sound, is often unsuitable for modern living. Arrangements for access and parking are ill-suited to the age of the motor vehicle; new industries have preferred to settle in the suburbs where there is more space and better facilities. At the same time there has been an exodus of younger and more vigorous people to the suburbs.


Local Authority Housing Policy Urban Renewal Vacant Land Rent Control 
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Select Bibliography


  1. B. J. Frieden “The Future of Old Neighborhoods”. Cambridge, Mass., M.I.T. Press, 1964.Google Scholar
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  1. Leo Grebler, Urban Renewal in European Countries 1964, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, U.S.A.Google Scholar


  1. Inner London: Policies for dispersal and balance. Final report of the Lambeth Inner Area Study, 1977.Google Scholar
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  4. These three reports are well summarised in: Inner Area Studies: A Summary of Consultants’ Reports. 1977.Google Scholar
  5. All are published by HMSO for the Department of the Environment.Google Scholar
  6. John Burrows, ‘Vacant Land—a continuing crisis’, The Planner, Jan. 1978.Google Scholar
  7. Urban Wasteland The Civic Trust, 1977.Google Scholar


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    The Conservative Party’s proposal to abolish ODP’s was not welcomed by all development companies, since ODPs have benefitted those enjoying political favour. The case against such government intervention (as with development — restricting taxation and rent control) lies in its effects on consumers, not necessarily producers. As one Chairman of a property group candidly put it, ‘I would rather have our planning restrictions than open competition’. (Financial Times, July 7, 1977, p. 19 ).Google Scholar
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    It is even disputed whether there is really more money. The London boroughs, at least, maintain that existing funds have been given a new name.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Graham Hallett 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham Hallett
    • 1
  1. 1.University CollegeCardiffUK

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