Perverse Effects and Social Philosophy Rawls’s Theory of Justice

  • Raymond Boudon


Those who reflect on the nature of industrial society constantly refer to what I shall here call programmed Utopias. The pessimist version has it that societies are vast organisations in which individual behaviours would inevitably be programmed. The optimistic version (see, for instance, the American sociologist Etzioni’s book The Active Society) has it that industrial societies have to be corrected by improving their programming, i.e., by researching into better means of circulating information and by perfecting the retroactive mechanisms that link the different poles of a society (considered as an organisation) together.


Equal Opportunity Industrial Society Indifference Curve Primary Good Indirect Taxation 
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Chapter 6

  1. 7.
    Cf., for instance, A. Rapoport and M. Guyer, ‘A Taxonomy of 2 × 2 Games’, General Systems, 11, (1966) 203–14.Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    K. Davis and W. Moore, ‘Some Principles of Stratification’, American Sociological Review, 10 (Ap. 1945) 242–9;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. see also M. Tumin, Social Stratification (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1967).Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    R. Boudon, L’Inégalité des Chances (Paris: Colin, 1973)Google Scholar
  5. R. Boudon, Education, Opportunity and Social Inequality (New York: Wiley, 1974).Google Scholar
  6. 12.
    M. Olson, The Logic of Collective Action (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965).Google Scholar
  7. 13.
    R. Hardin, ‘Collective Action as an Agreeable n-Prisoner’s Dilemma’, Behavioral Science, 16 (1971) 472–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 14.
    J. L. Nicholson, ‘The Distribution and Redistributions of Income in the United Kingdom’ in D. Wedderburn (ed.), Poverty, Inequality and Class Structure (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974) pp. 71–91.Google Scholar
  9. 15.
    Refer for the case of the United States to L. Thurow, ‘Education and Economic Inequality’, The Public Interest (Summer 1972) 66–81.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Presses Universitaires de France 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond Boudon

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