United Nations Sanctions
When the UN Charter was drawn up in 1945, enforcement action, described as “effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace” was given a prominent place in Article 1(1) . Members agreed to settle their disputes by peaceful means and to refrain from the threat or use of force in their relations with others. They further bound themselves to assist the UN in every way, to refrain from giving assistance to a state being subjected to preventive or enforcement action by the Security Council and specifically, in terms of Article 25, to carry out its decisions.
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- 6.Good accounts of South Africa’s external relations with neighbouring states can be found in K. W. Grundy, Confrontation and Accommodation in Southern Africa: the limits of independence (1973).Google Scholar
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