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The Special Role of the Mass News Media in a Plural Society

  • Leonard R. Sussman

Abstract

The free press and broadcast media are under attack in many countries. Domestic news media are government-run or, if independent of the regime, harshly controlled or censored in most nations today. The South African Parliament recently considered a bill that would create a press code, council and penalties for certain acts by journalists. Transnational Western news services face unprecedented challenges from the developing nations of Africa, Asia and Latin America. These charge that four Western services dominate the news and culture of their countries, and hamper their economic development. The Soviet Union and other Marxist nations readily exploit Third World complaints to advance their own nationalistic and ideological objectives: absolute governmental control of international and national news media. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the new press pool of the non-aligned countries and other recently formed consortia advance diverse forms of governmental controls over the news media. For, indeed, there are as many rationales for restricting journalists as there are regimes which fear that their — or their national — interests will suffer if the press is free.

Keywords

News Medium Plural Society Press Freedom Free Press News Organisation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Tan Peng Siew, The Asian Newspapers’ Reluctant Revolution, John A. Lent, ed. (Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1971), p. 187.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Milton M. Gordon, Assimilation in American Life; (New York: Oxford University Press, 1964), p. 235.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Bernard Ostry, ‘The Unmeltables: The Canadian Experience’, in The New Immigration and the New Ethnicity: Social Policy and Social Theory in the 1970s (New York: American Immigration and Citizenship Conference, 1974) p. 41.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    Gordon Allport, The Nature of Prejudice (Cambridge, Mass.: Wesley Publishing Co., 1954).Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    George P. Hunt, ‘The Racial Crisis and the News Media’, in Race and News Media, Paul Fisher and Ralph L. Lowenstein, eds (New York: Praeger, 1967) p. 14.Google Scholar
  6. 19.
    Robert M. Hutchins, chairman, A Free and Responsible Press (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1947) pp. 20–1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Nic Rhoodie 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonard R. Sussman
    • 1
  1. 1.New York CityUSA

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