The Special Role of the Mass News Media in a Plural Society
The free press and broadcast media are under attack in many countries. Domestic news media are government-run or, if independent of the regime, harshly controlled or censored in most nations today. The South African Parliament recently considered a bill that would create a press code, council and penalties for certain acts by journalists. Transnational Western news services face unprecedented challenges from the developing nations of Africa, Asia and Latin America. These charge that four Western services dominate the news and culture of their countries, and hamper their economic development. The Soviet Union and other Marxist nations readily exploit Third World complaints to advance their own nationalistic and ideological objectives: absolute governmental control of international and national news media. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the new press pool of the non-aligned countries and other recently formed consortia advance diverse forms of governmental controls over the news media. For, indeed, there are as many rationales for restricting journalists as there are regimes which fear that their — or their national — interests will suffer if the press is free.
KeywordsNews Medium Plural Society Press Freedom Free Press News Organisation
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