The Thorax — Mediastinum

  • Janet E. Husband
  • Ian Kelsey Fry

Abstract

On standard radiography, the mediastinal structures are packed closely together and on the frontal projection are largely obscured by bony structures. Even with tomography, it may not be possible to determine the origin and nature of lesions seen on the chest radiograph. In addition, some lesions are obscured by neighbouring structures and may not be detectable by any of the standard methods. For these reasons, the diagnosis of mediastinal abnormalities is one of the most rewarding uses for CT.

Keywords

Catheter Lymphoma Attenuation Stein Sarcoidosis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brundage, B. H., Martin, M. J., Herfkens, R. J., Berninger, L. H., Redington, R. W., Chatterjee, K. and Carlsson, E. (1980). Detection of patent coronary bypass grafts by computed tomography. Circulation, 61 (4), 826–831CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Crowe, J. K., Brown, L. R. and Muhm, J. R. (1978). Computed tomography of the mediastinum. Radiology, 128, 75–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Daffner, R. H., Halber, M. D., Postlethwaite, R. W., Korobkin, M. and Thompson, W. M. (1979). CT of the esophagus. II. Carcinoma. American Journal of Roentgenology, 133, 1051–1055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Egan, T. J., Neiman, H. L., Herman, R. J., Malave, S. R. and Sanders, J. H. (1980). Computed tomography in the diagnosis of aortic aneurysm dissection of traumatic injury. Radiology, 136, 141–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Godwin, J. D., Herfkens, R. L., Skioldebrand, C. G., Federle, M. P. and Lipton, M. J. (1980). Evaluation of dissections and aneurysms of the thoracic aorta by conventional and dynamic CT scanning. Radiology, 136, 125–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goldwin, R. L., Heitzman, E. R. and Proto, A. V. (1977). Computed tomography of the mediastinum. Normal anatomy and indications for CT. Radiology, 124, 235–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gross, S. C., Barr, I., Eyler, W. R., Khaja, F. and Goldstein, S. (1980). Computed tomography in dissection of the thoracic aorta. Radiology, 136, 135–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guthaner, D. F., Brody, W. R., Rice, M., Oyer, P. E. and Wexler, L. (1980). The use of computed tomography in the diagnosis of coronary artery bypass graft patency. Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, 3, 3–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Higgins, C. B., Siemers, P. T., Schmidt, W. and Newell, J. D. (1979). Evaluation of myocardial ischaemic damage of various ages by computerized transmission tomography. Circulation, 60 (2), 284–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Houang, M. T. W., Arozena, X. and Shaw, D. G. (1979). Demonstration of the pericardium and pericardial effusion by computed tomography. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, 3 (5), 601–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Husband, J. E., Peckham, M. J., Macdonald, J. S. and Hendry, W. F. (1979). The role of computed tomography in the management of testicular teratoma. Clinical Radiology, 30, 243–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Livesay, J. J., Mink, J. H., Fee, H. J., Bein, M. E., Sample, W. F. and Mulder, D. G. (1978). The use of computed tomography to evaluate suspected mediastinal tumours. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 27, 305–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mink, J. H., Bein, M. E., Sukov, R., Hermann, C., Winter, J., Sample, W. F. and Mulder, D. G. (1978). Computed tomography of the anterior mediastinum in patients with myasthenia gravis and suspected thymoma. American Journal of Roentgenology, 130, 239–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pugatch, R. D., Faling, L. J., Robbins, A. H. and Spira, R. (1980). CT diagnosis of benign mediastinal abnormalities. American Journal of Roentgenology, 134, 685–694CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Janet E. Husband and Ian Kelsey Fry 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janet E. Husband
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ian Kelsey Fry
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute Cancer ResearchRoyal Marsden HospitalSuttonUK
  2. 2.BUPA Medical CentreLondonUK
  3. 3.St Bartholomew’s HospitalLondonUK
  4. 4.CT Scanning UnitBUPA Medical CentreLondonUK

Personalised recommendations