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The Development of Underdevelopment: Mercantilism, Colonialism and Neo-colonialism

  • Ankie M. M. Hoogvelt
Chapter

Abstract

In Part One of this book we studied processes of societal evolution and change on a very abstract plane. From a standpoint of pure sociological theory, societal evolution presents a process of increasing structural differentiation of the functions performed by society. Thus, from a sociological perspective, structurally complex societies are more developed than structurally simple societies.

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Notes and References

  1. A. G. Frank, Sociology of Development and the Underdevelopment of Sociology (London: Pluto Press, 1971) p. 41.Google Scholar
  2. V. I. Lenin, Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1916); reprinted Moscow, Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1920. This work is especially relevant to an understanding of the development of underdevelopment in the period of colonialism.Google Scholar
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  4. K. Griffin, Underdevelopment in Spanish America (London: Allen & Unwin, 1969) p. 34.Google Scholar
  5. For an entertaining discussion of these essential instruments of European overseas expansion, see C. M. Cipolla, European Culture and Overseas Expansion (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970).Google Scholar
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  8. Cf. G. Pendle, A History of Latin America (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971) p. 66.Google Scholar
  9. See P. D. Curtin, The Atlantic Slave Trade; A Census (University of Wisconsin Press, 1969) table i, p. 5.Google Scholar
  10. Cf. A. Moorehead, The Fatal Impact (London: Hamilton, 1966) part t on the decimation of the population of the South Pacific Islands through the introduction of alien diseases.Google Scholar
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  12. Cf. E. Durkheim, The Division of Labour in Society (London: Macmillan, 1933).Google Scholar
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  14. Cf. J. Hatch, Nigeria: A History (London: Secker & Warburg, 1971) p. 86.Google Scholar
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  22. Each of these four points were also made by H. Singer, ‘The Commodity Boom and Developing Countries’, New Society (30 Aug 1973).Google Scholar
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  25. M. Barrat Brown, The Economics of Imperialism (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974) p. 207.Google Scholar
  26. R. Vernon, Sovereignty at Bay (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973) p. 71.Google Scholar
  27. C. V. Vaitsos, ‘Bargaining and the Distribution of Returns in the Purchase of Technology by Developing Countries’, in Underdevelopment and Development, ed. H. Bernstein (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973) pp. 315–22, this quote on p. 319.Google Scholar
  28. C. Tugendhat, The Multinationals (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973) p. 170.Google Scholar
  29. C. V. Vaitsos, ‘Patents Revisited, Their Function in Developing Countries’, Journal of Development Studies, vol. 9, no. 1 (Oct 1972) pp. 72–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Ankie M. M. Hoogvelt 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ankie M. M. Hoogvelt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociological StudiesUniversity of SheffieldUK

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