• Alexander Benjamin
  • Basil Helal


Reconstruction by arthroplasty restores function and mobility to joints incapacitated by pain, deformity and limitation of movement. Arthroplasty may be achieved by the excision of bone-ends with or without the interposition of flexible material, by the grafting of articular cartilage and by total or partial prosthetic replacement.


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Copyright information

© Alexander Benjamin and Basil Helal 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Benjamin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Basil Helal
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.WatfordUK
  2. 2.West Herts HospitalHemel HempsteadUK
  3. 3.Postgraduate Institute of OrthopaedicsUK
  4. 4.Chase Farm HospitalEnfieldUK
  5. 5.Highlands HospitalWinchmore HillUK

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