Advertisement

Cowley and Crashaw

  • David Trotter

Abstract

In the previous chapter I examined The Mistress as a relatively autonomous work of literature, trying to offer an ‘inside view’ of the failure of certain codes. But because the love-lyric was a privileged form, the subject it made a place for—‘I am not I, pitie the tale of me’—was always already the subject required by the operation of locutionary truth, the ‘person propounding’ whose every message reinvents a code we recognise and credit. If The Mistress appears morbid, it is because its ceaseless reproduction in a damaged state of that lyric subject must automatically be a comment on the increasing difficulty of sustaining a locutionary truth. The demise it meditates so extensively is obscurely felt to be that of a whole manner of speaking.

Keywords

Propositional Content Propositional Truth Sacred Place Paradise Lost Lyric Poet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Themis (1963) p. 328.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Complete Poetry, p. 494.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Trevor-Roper, Archbishop Laud, pp. 357–8.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Warren, Richard Crashaw, p. 89; M. E. Rickey, Rhyme and Meaning in Richard Crashaw (Lexington, 1961).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Trevor-Roper, Archbishop Laud, p. 435; Laud, Works, I, pp. 28–9 and III, p. 155.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    eosin, Works, V, passim, and IV, pp. 241–318, respectively; A Collection of Private Devotions, pp. 13–4; Works, I, pp. 161, 162, 180 and 180–1.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. L. Maycock, Nicholas Ferrar of Little Gidding (1938) p. 281.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Archbishop Laud, p. 137.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Five Pious and Learned Discourses, pp. 17, 23–4, 26, 28, and 41.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Quoted by Allen Pritchard, ‘Puritan Charges Against Crashaw and’Beaumont’, p. 578. Crashaw translated two hymns by Aquinas.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hagstrum, The Sister Arts (Chicago, 1958) p. 97;Google Scholar
  12. 11.
    Beaumont, Minor Poems, p. 290; Carre, in Crashaw, Complete Poetry, p. 652.Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    Richard Crashaw, p. 221; Poems of Richard Crashaw, L. C. Martin (ed.), second edition (Oxford, 1957) p. xxxix.Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    Psyche (1648) p. 48; Psyche (1702) p. 46. For Herbert’s influence on Crashaw, see H. Swanston, ‘The Second “Temple”’, Durham University Journal, 56 (1963) pp. 14–22.Google Scholar
  15. 14.
    Psyche (1648), p. 48.Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    R. R. Reuther, Gregory of Nazianzanus, p. 7; Jean Le Clerc, The Lives of Clemens Alexandrinus, Eusebius… Gregory Nazianzen, and Prudentius (1696) p. 188.Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    Minor Poems, pp. 271 and 267.Google Scholar
  18. 17.
    Le Clerc, Lives, p. 271; Richard Crashaw, p. 89; Le Clerc, Lives, pp. 228 and 188.Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    Shelford, Discourses, pp. 107, 42, 101, 115 and 114; Hooker, Ecclesiastical Polity, I, vii, 2, in Works, I, p. 220.Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    See Louis Martz, The Poetry of Meditation, Appendix 1.Google Scholar
  21. 20.
    M. F. Bertonasco, Crashaw and the Baroque (Alabama, 1971) pp. 67–9.Google Scholar
  22. 21.
    Complete Poetry, pp. 54, 26.Google Scholar
  23. 22.
    Discourses, p. 101.Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    Complete Poetry, pp. 146, 148.Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    On the order of stanzas in this poem, see Clarence Miller, ‘The Order of Stanzas in Cowley and Crashaw’s “On Hope”’, SP, 61 (1964) pp. 64–73; and, more convincingly, G. W. Williams, ‘The Order of Stanzas in Cowley and Crashaw’s “On Hope”’, SB, 22 (1969) pp. 207–10. I shall quote from the text printed in Crashaw’s Complete Poetry.Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    and, more convincingly, G. W. Williams, ‘The Order of Stanzas in Cowley and Crashaw’s “On Hope”’, SB, 22 (1969) pp. 207–10. I shall quote from the text printed in Crashaw’s Complete Poetry.Google Scholar
  27. 25.
    ‘The White Stone: Or, A Learned and Choice Treatise of Assurance’, published with An Elegant and Learned Discourse of the Light of Nature (1652) pp. 107–8.Google Scholar
  28. 26.
    Complete Poetry, p. 71.Google Scholar
  29. 27.
    Ibid., pp. 34–5.Google Scholar
  30. 28.
    As, for example, in Beaumont’s poem ‘Hope’.Google Scholar
  31. 29.
    Complete Poetry, p. 149, lines 39–44.Google Scholar
  32. 30.
    Ibid., p. 150 and p. 149; Wood, cited in Poems of Richard Crashaw, Martin (ed.), p. 417.Google Scholar
  33. 31.
    A. F. Allison, ‘Some Influences in Crashaw’s Poem “On a Prayer Booke Sent to Mrs. M. R.”’, RES, 23 (1947) pp. 34–42.Google Scholar
  34. 32.
    It was a popular theme in seventeenth-century funeral orations. See, for example, Simon Patrick’s sermon preached at the funeral of John Smith, printed in Smith’s Select Discourses (1660).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© David Trotter 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Trotter

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations