Environment and human gender identity

  • Jon K. Meyer
  • Carol Dupkin
Part of the Biology and Environment book series (SBES)


The term ‘gender’ is sometimes used loosely as a synonym for biological sex. For example, a person may be referred to as being of the ‘male gender’, meaning that he is a man with the anatomical and physiological features accompanying that condition. In psychiatry, however, gender has a special connotation. In this special sense, gender is ordinarily consonant with biological sex, and so appears to be a function of it. In fact, however, psychological gender may be remarkably free from biological constraint.


Body Image Gender Identity Sexual Identity Gender Dysphoria Gender Identity Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© The Contributors 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon K. Meyer
  • Carol Dupkin

There are no affiliations available

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