Naval Democracy: March—June 1917

  • Evan Mawdsley
Part of the Studies in Russian and East European History book series (SREEHS)


Commander F. N. A. Cromie, R.N., responsible for British submarines, reported just after the revolution that even in Reval ‘discipline has disappeared and the ships are run by Committees of sailors. The real Captain on the Dwina [i.e. the submarine depot ship Dvina] is the man who used to get my bath ready every morning.’1 The Dvina was an exceptional case, but on all ships committees were formed, and the officers lost much of their old authority.


Central Committee Officer Corps Popular Sovereignty Naval Academy Mine Defence 
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  1. 1.
    [F. N. A. Cromie], ‘Documents on British Relations with Russia, 1917-1918 (n)’, ed. D. R. Jones, Canadian-American Slavic Studies, vii (1973), no. 3, 355. Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. S. Gaponenko (resp. ed.), Revoliutsionnoe dvizhenie v Rossii poste sverzheniia samoderzhaviia (M, 1957), 615f; Isakov, 18; Cromie ‘Documents (11)’, 371; Public Record Office, Admiralty Papers, class 137, vol. 1249, 406 (hereafter cited as Adm. 137/1249, 406, etc.); VK 3221, Meeting of Helsingfors Soviet Sailors’ Section (hereafter cited as HSSS) no. 60 (15.viii.t7).Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    L. S. Gaponenko (resp. ed.), Revoliutsionnoe dvizhenie v Rossii v aprele 1917 g.: Aprel’skii krizis (M, 1958 ), 312f.Google Scholar
  4. 40.
    P. E. Dybenko, Oktiabr’ na Baltike, 28; Perepiska sekretariata TsK RSDRP (b) s mestnymi partiinymi organizatsiiami: Sbornik dokumentov (M, 1957), vol. 1, 133; Antonov-Ovseenko, V semnadtsalom godu, 156, 168.Google Scholar

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© Evan Mawdsley 1978

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  • Evan Mawdsley

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