The Politics of Reprisal: The CEDA, the PSOE and the Insurrection of 1934

  • Paul Preston


Between 1931 and 1933 the republican-Socialist coalition had endeavoured to create a socially progressive republic. In a context of world depression, it is inconceiveable that their programme of tentative reform could have resolved the highly conflictive social and economic problems inherited from the monarchy. Nevertheless, left republicans and Socialists believed that they had done enough to distinguish the new regime from the old and to set Spain off on its first faltering steps to modernity. They agreed that any step backward from the minimum achieved so far would be disastrous for the majority of the population. The Socialists, however, had been disturbed by the vehemence of opposition to what they regarded as basic humanitarian legislation. In the light of this, a growing sector of the trade-union movement and the FJS, encouraged by rather reckless support from Largo Caballero, were losing faith in the possibility that bourgeois democracy would allow the establishment of even a minimal social justice, let alone full-blown socialism.


Radical Government General Strike Revolutionary Movement Socialist Movement Radical Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 5.
    Ramos Oliveira, Politics pp. 489–91; Margarita Nelkin, Porqué hicimos la revoluciôn (Barcelona, 1936) pp. 67–9. In some provinces (particularly Badajoz, Malaga and Cordoba, the margin of rightist victory was sufficiently small for electoral malpractice to have affected the results. See El Debate 21 and 22 Nov, and 5 Dec 1933.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    B. Diaz Nosty, La Comuna asturiana (Bilbao, 1974) pp. 52–60.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    Alejandro Lerroux, La Pequenóa historia (Buenos Aires, 1945) p. 212; Robinson, Origins p. 152;Google Scholar
  4. Jests Pabon, Cambio vol. II, part 2 (Barcelona, 1969) p. 290. This compares strangely with Gil Robles’s own open admission of his tactical aims (No fue posible la paz pp. 106–7).Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    Jests Pabon, Palabras en la oposicién (Seville, 1935) p. 196.Google Scholar
  6. 16.
    Azana, diary entry for 28 June 1937, Obras vol. iv, pp. 635–6; Buckley, Life and Death pp. 186–7. The level of venality was eventually to cause some unease within the Radical Party. Cf. the two letters reprinted in César Jalon, Memorias politicas (Madrid, 1973) pp. 214–18.Google Scholar
  7. 21.
    Luis Araquistain, El Derrumbamiento del socialismo alemdn (Madrid, 1933).Google Scholar
  8. 22.
    Marýa Teresa León, Memoria de la melancolia (Buenos Aires, 1970) p. 266.Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Arrarñs, República vol. ii, pp. 251–7; Peirats, CNT vol. i, pp. 77–80; César M. Lorenzo, Les Anarchistes espagnols et le pouvoir (Paris, 1969) pp. 79–80.Google Scholar
  10. 34.
    Dolores Ibarruri et al., Guerra y revoluciôn en Espana 3 vols (Moscow, 1967–71), vol. I, pp. 52–7 (reprints all three projects in full); Ramos Oliveira, Politics pp. 507–8.Google Scholar
  11. 51.
    Herbert R. Southworth, Antifalange (Paris, 1967) p. 78; Gil Robles, No fue posible la paz pp. 190–1; Cortés Cavanillas, Gil Robles pp. 143, 180;Google Scholar
  12. José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Obras 4th edition (Madrid, 1966) p. 124.Google Scholar
  13. 66.
    Francesc Bonamusa, El Bloc Obrer i Camperol (1930–1932) (Barcelona, 1974) pp. 275–82, 341–2.Google Scholar
  14. 71.
    Leon Trotsky, The Struggle Against Fascism In Germany (New York, 1971) p. 56.Google Scholar
  15. 72.
    Pelai Pagès, El Movimiento trotskista en Espana (1930–1935) (Barcelona, 1977) passim.Google Scholar
  16. 79.
    Alejandro Valdés,¡Asturias! (Valencia, n.d. [1935?]) pp. 16–17;Google Scholar
  17. J. A. Sanchez y Garcia Sacco, La Revoluciôn de 1934 en Asturias (Madrid, 1974 ) pp. 39–40.Google Scholar
  18. 91.
    Antonio Ramos Oliveira, La Revolución espanáola de octubre (Madrid, 1935) pp. 55–61.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Paul Preston 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Preston

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations