Advertisement

The Inadequacies of Contemporary Psychiatric Diagnosis

  • Roy R. GrinkerSr.

Abstract

In my opinion diagnosis is one of the most important issues confronting modern psychiatry. Diagnoses and classifications cannot be denied as the first scientific steps to answer the question beginning with “what.” Without better answers to this question we could not possibly approach or resolve the “how” and “why” questions which bear on causes, course and adaptations to them (26).

Keywords

Mental Illness Psychiatric Diagnosis General System Theory Thought Disorder Acute Schizophrenia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Alexander, F. G., & Selesnick, S. T. The History of Psychiatry. New York: Harper and Row, 1966.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bellak, L. (Ed.). Schizophrenia: A Review of the Syndrome. New York: Grune and Stratton, 1969.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bertalanffy, L., von. General Systems Theory. New York: George Braziller, 1968.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cohen, E. S., Harbin, H. T., & Wright, M. J. Some considerations in the formulation of psychiatric diagnosis. Journal Nervous and Mental Diseases, 160, 422–428, 1975.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cooper, J. Psychiatric Diagnosis in New York and London. London: Oxford, 1972.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Eron, L. D. The Classification of Behavior Disorders. Chicago: Aldine Printing Co., 1960.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fowler, D. R., & Langsbaugh, R. J. The problem-oriented record. Archives of General Psychiatry, 32, 831–834, 1975.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Freud, A. The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense. New York: Int. Universities Press, 1946.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Grinker, R. R., Sr. Normality viewed as a system. Archives of General Psychiatry, 17, 320–324, 1967.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Grinker, R. R., Sr., & Nunnally, J. C. The phenomena of depression. In Katz, M. M., Cole, J. O., and Barton, W. E. (Eds.), Role and Methodology of Classification in Psychiatry and Psychopathology, pp. 249–261, 1967.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Grinker, R. R., Werble, B., & Drye, R. C. The Borderline Syndrome. New York: Basic Books, 1968.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Grinker, R. R., Sr. Diagnosis and schizophrenia. In Cancro, R. (Ed.), The Schizophrenic Reactions, pp. 59–69, 89–92. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1970.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Grinker, R. R., Sr. Changing styles in psychiatric syndromes. American Journal Psychiatry, 130, 151–152, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Grinker, R. R., Sr. Dichotomies, states and structures. American Journal Psychiatry, 132: 739–740, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Grinker, R. R., Sr. The relevance of general systems theory to psychiatry. In Arieti, S. (Ed.), The American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd edition, Vol. 6. New York: Basic Books, 1975.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kaplan, A. The Conduct of Inquiry. San Francisco: Chandler Printing Co., 1964.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Katz, M. et al. Influence of symptom perception, past experience, and ethnic background on diagnostic decisions. American Journal Psychiatry, 125, 937–947, 1969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kendall, R. E. The Role of Diagnosis in Psychiatry. Oxford-London: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1975.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kernberg, O. Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism. New York: Jason Aronson, 1975.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kohut, H. The Analysis of the Self. New York: Int. Universities Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Meehl, P. E. Some rumination on the validation of clinical procedures. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 13, 102–128, 1959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Menninger, K., et al. The Vital Balance. New York: Viking, 1963.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Moore, M. S. Some myths about “Mental Illness.” Archives of General Psychiatry, yyry, 32, 1483–1500, 1975.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Royce, J. R. Psychology and the Symbol. New York: Random House, 1965.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Weiss, P. The cell as a unit. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 5, 389–397, 1963.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zubin, J. Classification of the behavior disorders. Annual Review of Psychology, 18, 373–401, 1967.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Brunner/Mazel, Inc. 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy R. GrinkerSr.

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations