Whither the Oceans and Salt Seas?

  • Edward D. Goldberg
  • Sidney J. Holt


There exist today a growing number of threats to the integrity, stability, and possibly even the continuity, of marine ecosystems. Human impact on these systems is increasing both in intensity and diversity. One consequence is that, despite continuing scientific research and even a modest growth in research efforts, our apprehension as to the medium- and longterm effects of such impacts is, in many areas at least, tending to increase rather than to diminish.


Open Ocean Fishing Effort Total Catch Exclusive Economic Zone Maximum Sustainable Yield 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bruland, K. W., Koide, M. & Goldberg, E. D. (1974). The comparative marine geochemistries of lead 210 and radium 226. Journal of Geophysical Research, 79, pp. 3083–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Goldberg, E. D. (1975). Synthetic organohalides in the sea. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., 189B, pp. 277–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Goldberg, E. D. (1976). The Health of the Oceans. UNESCO Press, Paris, France: 172 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  4. Goldberg, E. D. (1977). A time for accounting. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 8, pp. 49–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hetherington, J. A. (1976). Radioactivity in Surface and Coastal Waters of the British Isles 1974. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Directorate of Fisheries Research, Technical Report FRL 11, Lowestoft, England: 35 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  6. NAS (1975). Assessing Potential Ocean Pollutants. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC: xx + 438 pp., illustr.Google Scholar


  1. Anderson, L. G. (1975a). Analysis of open-access commercial exploitation and maximum economic yield in biologically and technologically interdependent fisheries. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada, 32, pp. 1825–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, L. G. (1975b). Optimum economic yield of an internationally utilized common property resource. Fishery Bull. USA, 73(1), pp. 51–65.Google Scholar
  3. Borgese, E. M. & Pardo, A. (1976). The New International Economic Order and the Law of the Sea. International Ocean Institute, Msida, Malta, Occasional Paper No. 5, 318 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Botkin, D. B. & Sobel, M. J. (1977). Optimum Sustainable Marine Mammal Populations. US Marine Mammal Commission, Washington, DC: 83 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Bruce, M. & Holt, S. J. (1977). A World Guardian for the Future. International Ocean Institute, Msida, Malta: 6 pp. (mimeogr., obtainable from 2nd Author, FAO, Rome, Italy).Google Scholar
  6. Clark, C. W. (1976). Mathematical Bioeconomics: The Optimal Management of Renewable Resources. John Wiley, New York-London-Sydney-Toronto: xi + 355 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  7. Delegation of Portugal (to UNCLOS) (1976). [MS not available for checking].Google Scholar
  8. Dickie, L. M. (1975). Problems in prediction. Oceanus, 18(2), pp. 30–35.Google Scholar
  9. FAO (1975). Report of the FAO/NORAD Round-table Discussion on Expanding the Utilization of Marine Fishery Resources for Human Consumption. Svany, Norway, 25 August to 4 September 1975: 47 pp. (mimeogr.).Google Scholar
  10. FAO (1977a). Review of the State of Exploitation of the World Fish Resources. Document COFI/77/5 and supplements, FAO, Rome, Italy [not available for checking]: mimeogr.Google Scholar
  11. FAO (1977b). Report of the ACMRR Working Party on Marine Mammals. FAO Fisheries Report No. 194, Rome, Italy: 43 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Gulland, J. A. (Ed.) (1970). The Fish Resources of the Ocean. Fishing News Books, London, England: xi + 255 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Holt, S. J. (1969). The food resources of the ocean. Scientific American, 221(3), pp. 178–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Holt, S. J. (1975). Marine fisheries and world food supplies, Pp. 77–96 in The Man/Food Equation (Eds F. Steele & A. Bourne). Academic Press, London & New York: xv + 289 pp., illustrGoogle Scholar
  15. Holt, S. J. (1976a). Statistics of Catches of Large Whales. Contribution to Scientific Consultation on the Conservation and Management of Marine Mammals and their Environment, Bergen, Norway, September, 1976. FAO, Rome, Italy: 26 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Holt, S. J. (1976b). UNCLOS, MSY, FAO, Regional Fisheries Bodies and Whales. Contribution to joint meeting of the Club of Rome and the International Ocean Institute on ‘Reshaping the International Order’, Algiers, 25–8 October 1976: 7 pp. (Reprinted in The Center Report, 1(9), November 1976, Environment Liaison Centre, Nairobi).Google Scholar
  17. Holt, S. J. (1977). Some Implications of Maximum Sustainable Net Yield as a Management Objective for Whaling. Contribution to meeting of IWC, June 1977, Canberra, Australia. [Published in 28th Report of the International Whaling Commission, pp. 191–3, 3 figs, 1978.]Google Scholar
  18. Holt, S. J. & Vanderbilt, C. (1974). Materials for an Appraisal of the Dependence of Nations on the Living Resources of the Sea. International Ocean Institute, Msida, Malta: 29 pp. (mimeogr.).Google Scholar
  19. McCloskey, M. (1977). Enlightened management of renewable resources: hope or reality. Sierra Club Bulletin, 62(4), pp. 15–18.Google Scholar
  20. Saetersdal, G. (1977). Problems of Managing and Sharing the Fishery Resources under the New Ocean Regime. Doc. COFI/77/Inf 11, FAO, Rome, Italy: 4 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Talbot, L. & Holt, S. J. (Eds) (1975). The Conservation of Wild Living Resources. Report of a Workshop at Airlie, Virginia, February and April, 1975. Offset document available from Department of Fisheries, FAO, Rome, Italy: 51 PP.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Nicholas Polunin 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward D. Goldberg
    • 1
  • Sidney J. Holt
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of FisheriesFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)RomeItaly
  3. 3.Environmental Studies BoardUniversity of California at Santa CruzSanta CruzUSA

Personalised recommendations