Memoranda, II

  • Richard H. Taylor


British Museum Late Lyric Newspaper Cutting Barnes Theatre Personal Notebook 
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  1. 155.
    This entry is a newspaper cutting pasted in; the emendations as indicated are in Hardy’s hand. Gertrude Bugler (1896-), the beautiful daughter of a Dorchester baker, first met Hardy in 1913 when she was rehearsing the role of Marty South, but it was after the war that she had her most notable success as Eustacia (1920) and Tess (1924). In early 1925, after the latter performance, Frederick Harrison (manager of the Haymarket Theatre, London) invited Mrs Bugler to play Tess in London, with Hardy’s encouragement. But Florence Hardy intervened and, pleading that the project was overexciting her husband, persuaded Mrs Bugler to abandon this chance of a lifetime. Sydney Cockerell’s diary records Florence’s anxiety because Hardy had ignored her 45th birthday, been offhand and ‘spoke roughly to her’, and her distress over ‘his infatuation for the local Tess, Mrs Bugler, which had been the subject of much gossip in Dorchester’ (Wilfrid Blunt, Cockerell (London, 1964), pp.214–16). Hardy was undoubtedly charmed by Gertrude Bugler, who later recalled his laughter and personal kindness. After her last visit to Max Gate during his lifetime, Hardy insisted on accompanying Mrs Bugler down the drive, and suddenly told her: ‘If anyone asks you if you knew Thomas Hardy, say “Yes, he was my friend.’“Google Scholar
  2. (Cf. Gertrude Bugler, Personal Recollections of Thomas Hardy (Dorchester: Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society, 1962), reproducing a talk given on 7 Apr 1959.)Google Scholar
  3. 212.
    Eden Philpotts, Eudocia (London: Heinemann, 1921). Philpotts (1862–1960), a literary disciple influenced markedly by Hardy in several novels, became a friend around 1915.Google Scholar
  4. 213.
    George Dewar, The Glamour of the Earth (London: G. Allen, 1904).Google Scholar
  5. 214.
    Allen Clarke, Windmill Land [‘Rambles in a rural, old-fashioned country, with chat about its history and romance’: concerning Lancashire] (London: J.M. Dent, 1916).Google Scholar
  6. 215.
    TLS, No. 1058 (27 Apr 1922), 266: leading review article (265–6) on J. Middleton Murry, The Problem of Style (London: Humphrey Milford, 1922). The preceding sentence is: ‘Read, for instance, a fine lyric or two of Mr Hardy’s, and then the scene after Tess’s revelation or the first chapter of “The Return of the Native”. It is hard to say that there is more emotion in the poetry than in the prose; you cannot be sure, even, that the lyrics are more “personal”. But it is certain …’Google Scholar
  7. 235.
    Fitzedward Hall, The Hindu Philosophical System (London, 1862), p. 77.Google Scholar
  8. 318.
    TLS, No. 1119 (28 Jun 1923), 437: review of Katharine Mansfield, The Dave’s Nest, and Other Stories (London: Constable, 1923). ‘She [K.M.] looks at a flower or a person’s dress or a lesser trifle, and it is suddenly alive and distinct, yet refracted by meaning, vibrating with little currents of emotion. To extract an intimacy from casual things and a queer magic out of the familiar is, of course, a modern passion … Like a writer very different from her in other ways, Mr. Lawrence, she was able to realize not only the glancing impression, but the tone and quality of a whole story through an image somehow made true.’Google Scholar
  9. 332.
    Garland (1860–1940), an American author best known for his realistic studies of the Middle West, recalled visiting Hardy in Afternoon Neighbours (New York, 1934).Google Scholar
  10. 336.
    Thomas Edward Lawrence (1888–1935), famous as Lawrence of Arabia, headed Arab forces with conspicuous bravery in guerrilla warfare against Turkey during the Great War, gaining immense influence with his troops. But after the war he enrolled as a private soldier and was now serving with the Royal Tank Corps at Bovington Camp, nr. Dorchester, visiting Max Gate by motorcycle. Hardy called Lawrence ‘one of his most valued friends’ and obviously admired the man of action, while Lawrence found a remarkable repose in the old author: ‘Hardy is so pale, so quiet, so refined into an essence: and camp is such a hurly-burly … If I were in his place I would never wish to die: or even to wish other men dead. The peace which passeth all understanding; — but it can be felt, and is nearly unbearable. How envious such an old age is’ (1923 letter to Robert Graves, in David Garnett, ed., The Letters of T.E. Lawrence (London, 1938), p. 429). Lawrence himself was killed in a motorcycle accident in 1935. His account of his war experiences was published in Seven Pillars of Wisdom (privately printed, 1926; London, 1935).Google Scholar
  11. 339.
    Morley (1838–1923) [Viscount Morley, cr.1908], critic, biographer and Liberal politician, who, as reader for Macmillans, had commended the ‘stuff and purpose’ in Hardy’s first unpublished novel, The Poor Man and the Lady, in 1868. (See Charles Morgan, The House of Macmillan (London, 1943), pp.87–94.)Google Scholar
  12. 348.
    Sir Oliver Lodge, ‘Outlook on the Universe’, Nineteenth Century, XCV (Jan 1924) [137–146], 144. Lodge (1851–1940), by academic profession a physicist and first Principal of Birmingham University, devoted much time to psychic research.Google Scholar
  13. 355.
    John Morley, Critical Miscellanies (London: Chapman & Hall, 1871), p.262.Google Scholar
  14. 359.
    Matthew Arnold, ‘Byron’, Macmillan’s Magazine, XLIII (Mar 1881), 377; Essays in Criticism, Second Series (London, 1888), p.202. Cf. Hardy’s note, 26 Apr 1888: ‘Thought in bed last night that Byron’s Childe Harold will live in the history of English poetry not so much because of the beauty of parts of it, but because of its good fortune in being an accretion of descriptive poems by the most fascinating personality in the world — for the English — not a common plebeian, but a romantically wicked noble lord. It affects even Arnold’s judgement’ (Life, 207).Google Scholar
  15. 401.
    Logan Pearsall Smith, Four Words: Romance, Originality, Creative, Genius, S.P.E. Tract No.XVII (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924). Hardy was a member of the Society for Pure English, founded 1913, and Pearsall Smith (1865–1946) was the hon. sec. This quotation is taken from p.38 of the tract.Google Scholar
  16. 403.
    Ibid., p.44, from Gautier, Histoire du Romantisme (1872), p.65. Théophile Gautier (1811–72), French poet and novelist, was an extreme Romantic in youth and later an exponent of ‘art for art’s sake’.Google Scholar
  17. 458.
    ‘Sale Room’, The Times, p.11 Three items with autograph inscriptions to Florence Henniker (Desperate Remedies, 1892 edition; A Laodicean, 1882 edition; and The Dynasts, 1903–8, first editions of the three parts) brought, respectively, £49, £43 and £445. An 1877 edition of Far from the Madding Crowd brought £25 10s. A group of letters to and from Hardy about The Woodlanders and Wessex Tales copyrights and production costs was sold for £53, and a 1903 letter from Hardy about the world serial rights of a story in Pall Mall Magazine for £20 10s. Hardy was always interested in the financial details attaching to both present and former editions of his works.Google Scholar
  18. 477.
    William Aspenwall Bradley, trans. R. de Gourmont, Decadence, and Other Essays on the Culture of Ideas (London, 1922).Google Scholar
  19. 478.
    Joseph McCabe, trans. Charles Nordmann, Einstein and the Universe [‘A popular exposition of the famous theory’] (London, 1922).Google Scholar
  20. 481.
    Arthington Worsley, Concepts of Monism (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1907).Google Scholar
  21. 484.
    Benjamin Bickley Rogers, trans. The Comedies of Aristophanes (London, 1902); Aristophanes, the Poet (London, 1920). Recommended, either personally or in print, by Hardy’s friend, Positivist & author Frederic Harrison (1831–1923).Google Scholar

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© The Trustees of the Thomas Hardy Memorial Collection 1979

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  • Richard H. Taylor

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