As noted in the Introduction, the Obi Agency (of the Equitable Life Assurance of the United States) has a top management which is African, while middle management and the employees are mixed — Africans, Americans and Caribbeans. This diversity of cultures undoubtedly provides material for interesting social analysis. The offices are at 2 Penn Plaza, New York City.


Agency Manager District Manager Sales Agent Personnel Department Production Credit 
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  1. 2.
    For a comprehensive discussion of a moot-like fashion of dispute settlement among Africans, see H. Dieter Seibel, ‘Social Deviance in Comparative Perspective’, in Robert A. Scott and Jack D. Douglas (eds), Theoretical Perspectives on Deviance ( New York: Basic Books Inc. 1972 ) pp. 251–81.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    Principle of Equity’ stresses that remuneration should be commensurate with contribution. For details on this principle, see Ukandi G. Damachi, The Role of Trade Unions in the Development Process: With a Case Study of Ghana ( New York: Praeger, 1974 ) pp. 62–3.Google Scholar
  3. Also see G. C. Homans, Social Behaviour: Its Elementary Forms (New York: Harcourt Brace & World, 1961 ).Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    In many African societies there is a tendency to venerate elders and people in authority. For details, see Ukandi G. Damachi, Nigerian Modernization: The Colonial Legacy (New York: Third Press, 1972) ch. 2Google Scholar
  5. Hans Dieter Seibel, The Dynamics of Achievement: A Radical Perspective (New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1974 ).Google Scholar
  6. 13.
    For an elaborate discussion of African elites and their particularistic ties, see P. C. Lloyd, Africa in Social Change ( Baltimore, Md.: Penguin Books, 1967 )Google Scholar
  7. H. H. Smythe, The New Nigeria Elite (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1960 )Google Scholar
  8. and also Ukandi G. Damachi,,Nigerian Modernization: The Colonial Legacy ( New York, 1972 ). It should be pointed out that the oga principle’ has its equivalent, ‘Ndugunization’, in East Africa. Ndugunization is a form of nepotism or ascription whereby people with influence, especially personnel managers, accept rewards for favours granted in terms of recruitment, promotion, and so on.Google Scholar
  9. For details on this concept, see International Labour Office, Labour-Management Relations Series: ‘Industrial Relations in English-speaking Africa’, No. 40 ( Geneva: ILO, 1972 ) p. 24.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ukandi G. Damachi 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ukandi G. Damachi
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute for Labour StudiesGenevaSwitzerland

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