Schools of Thought
The oldest, in point of development, of management schools (but still alive) were the ‘Classicists’, whose chief concern was with deducing from their often extensive business experience what they hoped were universal principles of management.
KeywordsHigh Wage Management School Elementary Operation Social Harmony Industrial Order
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- 1.For a detailed discussion of the two concepts, see Amitai Etzioni, ‘Leaders’ Control and Members’ Compliance’, in Gerald D. Bell (ed.), Organizations and Human Behavior ( Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1967 ) pp. 81–5Google Scholar
- and also Talcott Parsons, Sociological Theory and Modern Society ( New York: The Free Press, 1967 ) pp. 297–382.Google Scholar
- 3.Frederick W. Taylor, A Piece Rate System ( London: Routledge, 1919 ) p. 34.Google Scholar
- 6.Taylor, Shop Management ( New York: Harper, 1911 ) p. 25.Google Scholar
- 9.Henri Fayol, General and Industrial Management ( London: Pitman Publishing Company, 1949 ).Google Scholar
- 14.Lyndall Urwick, The Elements of Administration ( New York: Harper and Bros., 1944 )Google Scholar
- Lyndall Urwick, also The Pattern of Management, ( Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1956 ).Google Scholar
- 16.Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is physiological, social, security, esteem, self-actualisation. For details, see A. Maslow, Motivation and Personality ( New York: Harper, 1954 ).Google Scholar