Industrial Research and Development at Functional Level in the Modern Corporation
We have already utilised general systems concepts to analyse some definitive features of theoretical approaches to technological change. The idea of open system was suggested as a necessary construct for analysis of strategic change and proved useful for provisional classification of behavioural and Penrosian theories. In this chapter the significance of strategic change in modern corporate behaviour is discussed in relation to environmental developments. The evolution of modern multi-divisional corporate structure is analysed partly in terms of increased need for institutionalising the formulation of strategic change, and the creation of R & D departments is seen as an example of this response. Later in the chapter, R & D subsystems are examined in the light of the subsystem hierarchy suggested in Chapter 2; the characteristics identified will prove useful in Chapter 7 when the possible determinants of basic research activity are examined.
KeywordsTechnological Change Final Output Functional Level Central Office Managerial Preference
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