The Diplomatic Revolution of 1971–1972 and Subsequent Policy
The announcement on 15 July 1971 that President Nixon would visit China in the spring of 1972 surprised Tokyo. As early as January, the Japanese had been aware that something was afoot1 and they faced a dilemma: on the one hand, they had to avoid taking sides with China and running the risk of a break with the United States; on the other, they had to avoid becoming the victims of an American-Chinese understanding. None the less, they were shocked by the three minutes’ notice given to them before Nixon’s historic announcement.
KeywordsForeign Minister China Issue Peace Treaty Japanese Business Subsequent Policy
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