The Embedding Process

  • Robert J. Brym


Avraham Mutnikovich, a founder of the Bund, no doubt underemphasises his creative role in the formation of an organisation which stood for a full decade at the forefront of Russian Social Democracy. Yet he places before us the central problem of this chapter: analysing the social conditions underlying the ‘ideological directions’ taken by Russian Jewish intelligenty. When the contribution of these men and women to the revolutionary movement is examined in Chapter 4 it will be possible to recognise them as both products and agents of the historical process. Here I am concerned only with the context of their creativity, with the social forces which produced the opportunities allowing them to become radicalised and support conflicting ideologies. We begin a century or so before the emergence of the Social Democratic movement.


Jewish Community Jewish Identity Russian Society Jewish Education Jewish Culture 
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Copyright information

© Robert J. Brym 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Brym
    • 1
  1. 1.Memorial University of NewfoundlandSt John’sCanada

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