Class and Ethnic Structure to 1905
West of the Elbe river, feudalism began to break up in the thirteenth century. To the east, ‘feudalism’2 began to crystallise in the fourteenth (Blum, 1957). During this period Jews first entered eastern Europe in significant numbers3—a fact which is neither fortuitous nor without its parallels in nineteenth-century Russia.
KeywordsNineteenth Century Jewish Community Jewish Population Banking House Ethnic Structure
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