The Emergence of Modern Kuwait

  • M. W. Khouja
  • P. G. Sadler


The emergence of Kuwait’s modern economy goes back to 1946 when the first oil shipment was exported. The country’s growth since then has largely mirrored the smooth and swift exploitation of its vast oil reserves. Within a span of no more than fifteen years its population came to enjoy living standards normally considered the prerogative of the most developed among the industrialised countries. The pattern of growth that Kuwait has experienced since 1946, the development of its infrastructure, institutions and the welfare system that has evolved are unparalleled in modern history. This chapter is thus devoted to analysing the main features of the country’s economic growth and development as the commercial production of oil commenced and the modern economy of Kuwait began to evolve.


Welfare System Desalination Plant Support Housing Programme Food Subsidy Programme Desert Country 
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    Fakhri Shehab. ‘Kuwait: A Super Affluent Society’, Foreign Affairs, vol. 42, pp. 461–74 (April 1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    M. W. Khouja, Distinguishing Properties of the Kuwait Economy, the Kuwait Economic Society, March 1973.Google Scholar
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    H. V. F. Winston and Zahra Freeth, Kuwait Prospect and Reality (London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd, 1972) p. 194.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© M. W. Khouja and P. G. Sadler 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. W. Khouja
  • P. G. Sadler

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