Case Study of Poland

  • J. P. O’Hagan


The structure of Polish agriculture before the Second World War was highly unfavourable. More than 47 per cent of agricultural land was in the hands of large landowners, and 65 per cent of the rural population lived on 15 per cent of the agricultural land. A relatively large social group consisted of landless rural families who depended for employment on the big estates or farms of the wealthy. Out of 3.2 million individual farms, 1.9 million had less than five hectares of land. The owners of these small farms, together with one million landless rural families and agricultural workers, were largely dependent on the some 15,000 large land-owning families and on about 200,000 well-to-do farmers.


Agricultural Land Labour Productivity State Farm Individual Farm Land Reform 
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Copyright information

© FAO 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. O’Hagan
    • 1
  1. 1.Global Perspective Studies UnitFAORomeItaly

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