Case Study of Japan
Large changes have taken place in Japanese agriculture since the end of the Second World War. During the period of economic rehabilitation (1946–54) following the war, the radical land reform wrought an unprecedented structural change. In 1946 the contribution of agriculture to the national income amounted to about 30 per cent; due to the rapid expansion of other sectors, the share of agriculture had declined to about to per cent by 1960. The very rapid economic growth which Japan experienced during the 1960s caused the relative position of the agricultural sector to decline further. By 1971 the net domestic product at factor cost originating in agriculture had declined to 4.7 per cent of the total net domestic product. This was mainly because of the rapid growth of the manufacturing and service sectors. In fact, the gross national product of Japan had increased by nearly three times during this decade. Although the rate of growth of GNP varied from year to year it was generally well above 10 per cent per annum in real terms. In 1971 GNP of Japan amounted to US $243 billion (81,093 billion yen) and per caput national income was US $1874 (629 thousand yen).
KeywordsRice Production Agricultural Policy Brown Rice Farm Household National Agriculture
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