Subsidy Policies in Britain, France and West Germany: An Overview

  • Guy De Carmoy


In order to broaden and concretize the study of the subsidy issue, it is important that it be related to the policies of specific countries. This requires providing an overview and analysis of the various goals pursued, the instruments through which governments act, and the financial magnitudes involved. Britain, France and West Germany have been selected not only because of the differences in style which mark each country, but also because they allow a comparison of policies pursued by three advanced industrialized states at similar levels of development.


International Trade Industrial Policy Competition Policy British Government Aircraft Industry 
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Notes and References

  1. 2.
    Bertrand de Jouvenal, La Civilisation de Puissance ( Paris: Fayard, 1976 ), p. 165.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    On this point see Steven J. Warnecke, ‘Industrial Policy and the European Community’ in Steven J. Warnecke and Ezra N. Suleiman, eds., Industrial Policies in Western Europe ( New York: Praeger, 1975 ).Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Department of Industry, ‘Criteria for Assistance to Industry’, Appendix A to Industry Act 1972, Annual Report by Secretaries for Industry, Scotland and Wales ( London: HMSO, 1976 ) p. 35.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    W. M. Corden, ‘Conclusions on the Logic of Government Interventions’, Chapter 8, in W. M. Corden and Gerhard Fels, Public Assistance to Industry (London: The Macmillan Press Limited, 1976), p. 225. Hereafter cited as PAI.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 9.
    Commission of the European Community, Fourth Report on Competition Policy (Brussels: 1975), p. 88.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    J. E. S. Hayward, on steel in Raymond Vernon, ed., Big Business and The State, ( Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1974 ), pp. 260–2.Google Scholar
  7. 19.
    Commission of the European Community, Fifth Report on Competition Policy, (Brussels-Luxembourg: 1976), p. 84.Google Scholar
  8. 27.
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, La politique industrielle de la France (Paris: 1974), pp. 35–8.Google Scholar
  9. 31.
    Anicet Le Pors and Jacques Prunet; ‘Les transferts entre l’état et l’industrie’, Economie et Statistique (April 1975), pp. 28, 34.Google Scholar
  10. 32.
    Comité professionnel du pétrole. Éléments statistiques, pétrole 1974 (Paris: 1975), pp. 301, 303.Google Scholar
  11. 34.
    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, La Politique industrielle de la France (Paris: 1974), p. 129.Google Scholar
  12. 37.
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Les Problèmes et et les politiques de développement régional dans les pays de l’OCDE, vol 1, France (Paris: 1976), pp. 21–22.Google Scholar
  13. 54.
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Regional Development Policies, Part II, Germany (Paris: 1976), para 76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Steven J. Warnecke 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guy De Carmoy

There are no affiliations available

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