The 1975 Tanzanian Elections: the Disturbing 6 per cent

  • Denis Martin


In Western elections analysts would normally concentrate on the majority of votes, rather than on the actions of 6 per cent. In the Tanzanian presidential election of 1975, the 6 per cent of votes cast against Julius K. Nyerere, the President and only candidate nominated by the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP), was a disquieting result leading the ruling party to think seriously about its political mobilisation capability. One might laugh at a seemingly partisan exaggeration of dissent, but it would be preferable to follow the advice of Bismarck Mwansasu and try to discover the reasons for these six percentage points of dissent — as well as for the total results of the October 1975 Tanzanian election.


Presidential Election Parliamentary Election Registered Voter Universal Suffrage Negative Vote 
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  1. 2.
    William Tordoff, ‘The 1965 general election’, in Government and Politics in Tanzania (Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1967) 3–53Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    See H. U. E. Thoden van Velzen and J. J. Sterkenburg, ‘Stirrings in the Tanzanian National Assembly’, and ‘The Party Supreme’, in Socialism in Tanzania, ed. L. Cliffe and J. S. Saul, vol. 1: ‘Politics’ (Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1972) 228–53 and 257–64.Google Scholar
  3. 14.
    See J. K. Nyerere, ‘The Arusha Declaration and TANU’s Policy on Socialism and Self-Reliance’, inUjamaa: Essays on Socialism (Dar es Salaam: Oxford University Press, 1968).Google Scholar
  4. 16.
    see Justinian Rweyemamu, Underdevelopment and Industrialization in Tanzania: A Study of Perverse Capitalist Industrial Development (Nairobi: Oxford University Press, 1973)Google Scholar
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    J. K. Nyerere, Decentralization (Dar es Salaam: The Government Printer, 1972).Google Scholar
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    James R. Finucane, Rural Development and Bureaucracy in Tanzania: The Case of the Mwanza Region (Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 1974) P. 49.Google Scholar
  7. 39.
    See Andrew G. Maguire, Toward Uhuru in Tanzania: The Politics of Participation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969).Google Scholar

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© Denis Martin 1978

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  • Denis Martin

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