‘Semi-Competitive’ Elections, Clientelism, and Political Recruitment in a No-Party State: The Kenyan Experience

  • Joel D. Barkan
  • John J. Okumu


On 12 October 1974 Kenya held her second ‘semi-competitive’ elections to the National Assembly within the framework of a one-party state. The elections marked the seventh time Kenyans had chosen representatives for a national legislature since the British colonial government initiated the process in 1957 to commence the transition of the country to independent rule. Though the elections of 1974. produced no significant changes in either the composition of Kenya’s governing elite or government policy, the exercise was of considerable significance in terms of the evolution and routinisation of the procedural and structural mechanisms employed by President Jomo Kenyatta and his government to maintain their authority vis-à-vis the Kenyan public, particularly in rural areas.


Electoral System Electoral Process Vote Decision Electoral Politics Party Organisation 
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Copyright information

© Joel D. Barkan and John J. Okumu 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joel D. Barkan
  • John J. Okumu

There are no affiliations available

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