Non-Competitive Elections in Europe
What functions do those elections have from the point of view of the rulers, both explicitly in their statements and implicitly in their minds?
What consequences do such elections actually have for the political system, whether intended or unintended, functional or dysfunctional?
What motivates voters to participate in non-competitive and semicompetitive elections and plebiscites? Their motivations may or may not be in accord with the reasons why the rulers require their participation.
What consequences does participation have for voters independently of their intent?
What is the significance of the electoral process for the candidates in non-competitive and semi-competitive elections?
KeywordsEurope Assure Turkey Expense Arena
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