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State-Controlled Elections: A Framework

  • Guy Hermet

Abstract

With sporadic exceptions, political scientists concentrate upon supposedly free and competitive elections while they loftily ignore those in which one candidate gains 99 per cent of the votes. The approach which justifies this bias in research is well known. On the one hand, holding free and competitive elections is accepted as a sign of pluralist democracy;1 on the other hand, political science conceives itself as being primarily concerned with multi-party systems and with competitive elections. Postulating that one-party elections or other types of state-manipulated ballots are necessarily rigged leads to their being denied any significance. This removes the political scientist’s obligation to examine how rigged these elections really are, or to consider the implications of electoral politics so dissimilar from the liberal democratic model.

Keywords

Electoral System Authoritarian Regime Electoral Competition Electoral Politics Control Election 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 4.
    Marx, La Guerre civile en France, 1871 (Paris: Editions Sociales, 1968) p. 214Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Joseph A Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 2nd edition, (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1947) p. 282.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    A. Downs, An Economic Theory of Democracy (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1967) p. 295.Google Scholar
  4. 9.see Richard Rose, ‘On the Priorities of Citizenship in the Deep South and Northern Ireland’, Journal of Politics, xxxviii (1976) 247–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    J. Wiatr, ‘Elections and Voting Behavior in Poland’, in Essays on the Behavioral Study of Politics, ed. A. Ranney (Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1962) p. 251.Google Scholar
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    See the suggestive facts on the predominance of ‘non-classical’ elections collected in R. Rose and H. Mossawir, ‘Voting and Elections: A Functional Analysis’, Political Studies, xv, no. 2 (1967) 180–2.Google Scholar
  7. 17.
    John S. Saul, ‘The Nature of Tanzania’s Political System: Issues Raised by the 1965 and 1970 Elections’, Journal of Commonwealth Political Studies, x, no. 2 (July 1972) 113–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goran Hyden and Colin Leys, ‘Elections and Politics in Single-Party Systems: The Case of Kenya and Tanzania’, British Journal of Political Science, 11, no. 4 (Oct 1972), 389–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. J. D. Barkan and J. J. Okumu, ‘Political Linkage in Kenya: Citizens, Local Elites and Legislators’, report presented to the loth Annual Assembly of the American Political Science Association, 1974Google Scholar
  10. Denis Martin, ‘La Houe, la maison, l’urne et le maître d’école: Les élections en Tanzanie, 1965–1970’, Revue française de science politique, xxv, no. 4 (1975) 677–716.Google Scholar
  11. 20.
    G. A. Fiechter, Le Régime modernisateur du Brasil 1964–192 (Leyden: A. W. Sijthofi, 1972) pp. 220 ff.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Guy Hermet 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guy Hermet

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