China’s Economic Relations with Less Developed Countries: 1950–1976
On 14 July 1976 the 1162 mile-long Tanzam railway was officially handed over to the Tanzanian and Zambian governments after nine months of successful trial operation. During this time it had already carried 159,000 tons of copper and zinc from Zambia, 130,000 tons of grain, chemical fertiliser, steel products and machinery to Zambia, 100,000 tons of railway building material and 250,000 passengers. The foreign costs of the project were financed by an interest-free loan of $401 million in addition to which the Chinese gave the Tanzanians a grant of 106 million yuan in July 1976.1 The local costs were financed by proceeds from sales of Chinese commodities by local state-owned corporations, mainly consumer goods, thus avoiding the need for any local budgetary allocation.2 The labour-intensive construction methods used generated employment for as many as 40,000 Tanzanians alone, while after its completion, 10,000 Tanzanians and Zambians were occupied in running it.3
KeywordsRecipient Country Socialist Country Primary Commodity Chinese Export Chinese Trade
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