Development Planning: Problems and Prospects

  • Francis A. Lees
  • Hugh C. Brooks


With close to two decades of political independence behind it, the Sudan has achieved much in the way of development progress despite significant obstacles and constraints. In that twenty-year period population has advanced by close to 75 per cent, the standard of living has improved for a significant part of the rural population, and urban areas have grown and prospered. Economic structure has shifted in the direction of increased industrial output, a more diversified export base, and relatively less dependence on traditional agriculture.


Capita Income Foreign Trade Political Development Import Substitution Military Expenditure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Oluwadare Aguda, ‘The State and the Economy in the Sudan: From a Political Scientist’s Point of View’, Journal of Developing Areas, Apr 1973, pp. 431–3. The discussion of the next few paragraphs relies heavily on information obtained from this article.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    R. F. Wynn, ‘The Sudan’s 10 Year Plan of Economic Development, 1961/62–1970/71: An Analysis of Achievement’, Journal of Developing Areas, July 1971, pp. 558–9.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Department of Statistics, Statistical Abstract 1970 (Khartoum), p. 30.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Sabi H. Shabtai, ‘Army and Economy in Tropical Africa’, Economic Development and Cultural Change, July 1975, p. 697. Over the period 1964–9 defence and security expenditures represented between 23 per cent and 29 per cent of central government ordinary expenditures in the Sudan. Department of Statistics, Statistical Abstract 1970, p. 53.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    UNIDO, Summaries of Industrial Development Plans, Volume III (1973), p. 335.Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    Bank of Sudan, Annual Reports, 1967–9, Appendix 2.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    Robin Hallett, Africa Since 1875 ( Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1974 ), pp. 181–2.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Francis A. Lees and Hugh C. Brooks 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis A. Lees
  • Hugh C. Brooks

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations