External Economic Relations

  • Francis A. Lees
  • Hugh C. Brooks


Successful growth and prosperity of the Sudanese economy depends on favourable external economic and financial relationships. The Sudan is a relatively open economy. In the period 1968–72 exports represented over 18 per cent of GNP. A shortage of domestic savings and investment capital requires an infusion of foreign capital funds. Lack of technology and organisational expertise makes it necessary for the country to avail itself of imported technicians and business specialists, again placing pressure on the limited resources that are available to cover import requirements.


Foreign Investment Foreign Exchange Domestic Saving Official Loan Foreign Exchange Earning 
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  1. 1.
    Omar Osman and A. A. Suleiman, ‘The Economy of the Sudan’, in Robson and Lury, The Economics of Africa (Allen & Unwin, 1969), pp. 444–5. Mitchell Harwitz ranks the Sudan second among ten African countries in export instability in ‘Measuring Export Instability: Theory and African Experience’, in S. Schatz, South of the Sahara: Development in African Economics (Temple University Press, 1972 ), p. 285.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Ali Abdalla Ali, ‘The Sudan’s Invisible Trade, 1956–1969: A Brief Survey’, Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. LIV (1973), p. 129.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Mohamed Abdel Rahman Ali, Government Expenditure and Economic Development, A Case Study of the Sudan (Khartoum University Press, 1974), p. 23.Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    World Bank and IDA, Annual Report, 1974, pp. 87–8.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    World Bank and IDA, Annual Report, 1975, pp. 56–60.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Francis A. Lees and Hugh C. Brooks 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis A. Lees
  • Hugh C. Brooks

There are no affiliations available

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