Agriculture and Forestry

  • Francis A. Lees
  • Hugh C. Brooks


At present the two key economic sectors in the Sudan are transport and agriculture. Agricultural production is the major marketable commodity of the Sudan and transportation is required to get this product to the market places of the world. In addition to its strategic importance as a net earner of foreign exchange, agriculture exerts a tremendous quantitative impact on the fortunes (or vicissitudes) of the Sudan. Agriculture contributes close to 40 per cent of Gross Domestic Product, generates over 90 per cent of the Sudan’s merchandise exports, provides the bulk of raw materials needed for local industries, and provides employment opportunities for over three-fourths of the work force.1


Irrigate Agriculture Irrigation Scheme Political Development Forest Policy Joint Account 
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  1. 3.
    Hamid H. M. Faki and A. M. El Hadari, ‘Some Economic Aspects of Wheat Production in the Sudan’, Sudan Journal of Economic and Social Studies, Summer 1974, pp. 47–8.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Ray Vicker, ‘Slump in Gum Arabic Output is Ending, Affecting Many Food, Industrial Items’, Wall Street Journal, 8 Dec, 1975, p. 20. Also El H. M. Awouda, Production and Supply of Gum Arabic ( Gum Arabic Forest Department, Khartoum, August 1974 ) pp. 22–3.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Sudan Gezira Board, The Gezira Scheme Past and Present (Barakat, 1974) p. 9. See also Sudan Gezira Board, The Gezira Today mimeo (no date) pp. 6–7.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Arthur Gaitskell, Gezira: A Story of Development in the Sudan, Faber & Faber, London, 1959, p. 333.Google Scholar
  5. 14.
    ILO, Growth Employment and Equity, Volume II (1975, Technical Paper No. 2) p. 15.Google Scholar
  6. 16.
    Suliman, ‘Economic Survey’. More recent data (1975) released to the authors on an unofficial basis indicate that the livestock population had grown to 14,154 million cattle, 13,373 million sheep, 10,497 goats, and 2698 camels.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Francis A. Lees and Hugh C. Brooks 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis A. Lees
  • Hugh C. Brooks

There are no affiliations available

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