An Economic Overview

  • Francis A. Lees
  • Hugh C. Brooks


According to United Nations terminology, the Sudan is one of the twenty-five least developed countries. These countries embrace a total population of 150 million persons, and a land area of 11 million square miles.1 The Sudan shares the following economic and related characteristics with these countries: (a) per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of approximately $100, (b) a share of manufacturing in GDP of 10 per cent or less, (c) illiteracy of 75 per cent or higher, and (d) a low per capita level of electric power consumption. Africa accounts for 16 of these 25 countries, and the Sudan is among the largest of all countries designated as least developed (Table 3-1). The economic development prospects of these countries are hampered by poor physical infrastructure, lack of trained manpower, and a shortage of resources for investment.


Gross Domestic Product Private Consumption Capital Formation Political Development Traditional Sector 
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    UNIDO, Industrial Development Survey, Special Issue for the Second General Conference of UNIDO at Lima, Peru, March 12–26, 1975 (New York: United Nations, 1974, pp. 260–1.Google Scholar
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    Omar Osman and A. A. Suleiman, ‘The Economy of the Sudan’, in Robson and Lury, The Economies of Africa (George Allen & Unwin, 1969), p. 439.Google Scholar
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    Mohamed Abdel Rahman Ali, ‘The Propensity to Consume and Economic Development in a Dual Economy: Sudan 1955–67’, Sudan Notes and Records (Khartoum, 1972), p. 120.Google Scholar
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    Hans W. Singer, International Development: Growth and Change ( New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964 ), pp. 162–4.Google Scholar
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    UNIDO, Summaries of Industrial Development Plans, Vol. III, 1973, p. 342.Google Scholar

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© Francis A. Lees and Hugh C. Brooks 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis A. Lees
  • Hugh C. Brooks

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