Industry: Planning, Regional Policy, Wages, Unions

  • Alison Wright


After the Civil War the Spanish economy was subject to an extensive network of government controls which were not, however, subject to any overriding economic plan.1 Following the Stabilisation Plan and subsequent related measures greater reliance was to be placed on market forces. It was moreover decided that economic growth should be stimulated and guided by the publication of a government plan on economic development. The development plans, of which there have so far been three (1964–7, 1968–71,2 1972–5), have been the subject of intense debate within Spain throughout the decade, partly perhaps because economics was a field in which comparative freedom of debate was possible and political views and criticisms of the status quo were voiced in relation to planning in a way which would not have been possible in a more overtly political context.


Minimum Wage Regional Policy Collective Bargaining Labour Relation Development Pole 
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  1. 4.
    Kenneth Medhurst, Government in Spain (Oxford, 1973) p. 99.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    See K. Medhurst, Government in Spain; also Salustiano del Campo and Manuel Navarro, Crítica de la planificación social española 1964–75 (Madrid, 1976).Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    ‘1968, el año de la austeridad’, Gaceta Ilustrada, 10 December 1967, quoted in Luis Garnir (ed.), Política económica de España (Madrid, 1972) Chapter 11.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    See Charles W. Anderson, The Political Economy of Modern Spain (Wisconsin, 1970) p. 231: ‘In Plan II there is a certain symbolic quality to the emphasis on the social factors in developments.’Google Scholar
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    See J. Jané Solá, El problema de los salarios en España (Barcelona, 1969) p. 136. The sectors affected included public utilities, banks, mining, wool, leather, textiles and others.Google Scholar
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    See Ronald Fraser, The Pueblo (London, 1973) p. 72. The author argues that this was a deliberate policy pursued by the government to subdue the working class.Google Scholar
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    The nuances of correlation between the original Falange conception and the actual evolution of the sindicatos are not discussed here. An excellent account of this is to be found in J. Amsden, Collective Bargaining and Class Conflict in Spain (London, 1972), who gives a clear and full description of labour relations in Spain, to which I am much indebted.Google Scholar
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    Quoted from Pueblo, 13 December 1969, by Jordi Estivill and Ignasti Pons in Apuntes sobre el trabajo en España (Barcelona, 1971) p. 150.Google Scholar
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© Alison Wright 1977

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  • Alison Wright

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